Japanese Encephalitis : ‘ The leading cause of viral encephalitis in Asia’

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a mosquito-borne viral infection of the brain. It is the leading cause of viral encephalitis in Asia. The virus appears to have originated from its ancestral virus in the mid-1500s in the Indonesia-Malaysia region and evolved there into different genotypes later.

Symptoms

It is usually observed that most people infected with it either have no symptoms or have mild, short-lived symptoms, which are often mistaken as flu.

One can see the symptoms only once the infection reaches the brain. Some of the symptoms are as follows :-

1. Seizures

2. High fever

3. Stiff neck

4. Mental behavioural changes

5. Muscle weakness

Causes

Japanese encephalitis is caused by a flavivirus, which can affect both humans and animals. The virus is passed from animals to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. If you get bitten by an infected mosquito, it can pass on the virus.

The mosquitoes that carry Japanese encephalitis particularly breed in areas which have flooded rice fields or marshes, which is usually in rural areas, although infected mosquitoes have also been found in urban areas. They usually feed between sunset and sunrise.

Prevention

1. Avoid Mosquito bites

One of the best ways to prevent Japanese encephalitis is to avoid getting bit by mosquitoes and by controlling the mosquito around you using repellents, as the insects are the main vector for the disease. When at home, you can use Good knight Activ+ Systemas it is effective and safe for your kids and family.

2. Wear protective clothing

It is always advisable to wear clothing which covers your entire arms and body. If you are heading out, cover your legs by wearing long-pants along with socks and shoes. Also, it is better if you use mosquito-repellent like Good knight roll-on. It comes in two variants – bubblegum fragrance and citrus fragrance which offers 8 hours of protection.

3. Get vaccinated

For people who love travelling or tend to spend most of their time travelling to different places, one of the best ways of prevention is to get vaccinated from JE. The World Health Organisation (WHO) states that getting vaccinated is the one of the best and the safest methods of preventing the disease.

With the correct recognition of symptoms and use of proactive measure to prevent it, Japanese Encephalitis can be successfully avoided.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s